Bad Breath



Bad breath, also known as exhalation, will be embarrassing and in some cases might even cause anxiety.

It's no surprise that store shelves area unit overflowing with gum, mints, mouthwashes and different product designed to fight unhealthy breath.

But several of those merchandise area unit solely temporary measures as a result of they do not address the reason behind the problem.

Halitosis (bad breath) is usually caused by sulphur-producing bacterium that ordinarily live to tell the tale the surface of the tongue and within the throat.

Sometimes, these bacterium begin to interrupt down proteins at a really high rate and odorous volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) area unit free from the rear of the tongue and throat. Halitosis is not infectious. About 2.4% of the adult population suffers from unhealthy breath.


Symptoms of halitosis


  • A white coating on the tongue particularly at the back of the tongue
  • Dry mouth
  • Build up around teeth
  • Post-nasal drip, or mucous
  • Morning bad breath and a burning tongue
  • Thick secretion and a relentless got to clear your throat
  • Constant sour, bitter metallic taste.




Black Hairy Tongue


Black hairy tongue could be a temporary, harmless oral condition that provides the tongue a dark, hairy look.

The distinct look sometimes results from a buildup of dead skin cells on the various little projections (papillae) on the surface of the tongue that contain style buds.

These papillae, that area unit longer than normal, will simply entice and be stained by microorganism, yeast, tobacco, food or different substances.

Although black side effect might look dreadful, generally it does not cause any health issues, and it has always painless.

Black side effect typically resolves by eliminating doable causes or conducive factors and active smart oral hygiene.




Black discoloration of the tongue, though the colour is also brown, tan, green, yellow or white.

A hairy or furry appearance of the tongue

Altered taste or metallic taste in your mouth

Bad breath (halitosis)




Drooling / Ptyalism



Drooling is outlined as saliva flowing outside of your mouth accidentally. It’s usually a results of weak or underdeveloped muscles around your mouth or having too much spittle.

The glands that make your saliva are called the salivary glands. You have six of these glands, located on the bottom of your mouth, in your cheeks, and near your front teeth. These glands typically make 2 to 4 pints of saliva a day. When these glands create too much saliva, you may experience drooling.


Drooling is traditional within the initial 2 years of life. Infants don’t usually develop full management of swallowing and therefore the muscles of the mouth till they're between eighteen and twenty four months previous. Babies might also drool when they’re teething.


Dry Mouth



Dry mouth, refers to a condition in which the salivary glands in your mouth don't make enough saliva to keep mouth wet.

Dry mouth is commonly because of the aspect effect of bound medications or aging problems or as a results ofradiation therapy for cancer. Less often, dry mouth is also caused by a condition that directly affects the secretion glands.

Saliva helps forestall tooth decay by neutralizing acids created by microorganism, limiting bacterial growth and washing away food particles.

Saliva additionally enhances your ability to style and makes it easier to chew and swallow.In addition, enzymes in saliva aid in digestion.

Decreased spittle and xerotes will vary from being just a nuisance to one thing that features a major impact on your general health and also the health of your teeth and gums, as well as your appetite and enjoyment of food. Treatment for dry mouth depends on the cause.



If you are not manufacturing enough spittle, you will notice these signs and symptoms all or most of the time:


  • Dry Mouth feeling of stickiness in your mouth,
  • Saliva that seems thick and stringy,
  • Bad breath,
  • Difficulty chewing,
  • speaking and swallowing,
  • Dry or sore throat and hoarseness,
  • Dry or grooved tongue, 
  • changed sense of taste,
  • Problems wearing dentures,  








Dysgeusia could be a distortion of the sense of style . It is conjointly typically related to Ageusia, that is that the total lack of flavor, and Hypogeusia, that is that the decrease in style sensitivity.

Some human with Dysgeusia even have an altered sense of smell. About 75% of the taste sensations come from nerve cells related to smell.

The taste and smell cells work together to produce the sense of taste. Our taste cells can identify four main qualities: acid, bitter, salty and sweet. Subtle aspects of the taste come from its sense of smell.

You may have noticed a bad taste, a change in taste, less ability to taste, or perhaps no flavor in food. Although, a complete lack of taste is rare.


Signs and symptoms of Dysgeusia


nausea or dry mouth.

An alteration in taste or smell can be a secondary process in several disease states,  or it can be the main symptom.

 Distortion in the sense of taste is the only symptom, and the diagnosis is often complicated since the sense of taste is linked to other sensory systems.


Herpes Labialis



Recurrent herpes labialis, also known as oral herpes, is an infection of the mouth area caused by the herpes simplex virus. It’s a common and contagious infection that spreads easily.

The infection causes blisters and sores on the lips, mouth, tongue or gums. After an initial infection, the virus stays dormant inside the nerve cells of the face. Later on in life, the virus can reactivate and result in more sores. The herpes is recurrent when this happens. These ar usually called cold sores or fever blisters.




  • fever
  • menstruation
  • a high-stress event
  • fatigue
  • hormonal changes
  • upper respiratory infection
  • extreme temperature
  • a weakened immune system
  • recent dental work or surgery


Speech Disorders



Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder in which the muscles of the mouth, face, or respiratory system may become weak or have difficulty moving.

Some human with speech disorders ar attentive to what they'd prefer to say however unable to articulate their thoughts. This may result in vanity problems and also the development of depression.


symptoms of a speech disorder


  • repeat sounds and words,
  • elongating words,
  • making jerky  while talking,
  • usually involving the head,
  • blinking several times while talking,








Dry mouth (clinically termed xerostomia) may be a condition within which your secretion glands will not produce normal spit flow thanks to mouth respiratory whereas sleeping, medications, age, dehydration, illnesses, cancer treatment and more.

Saliva production is an important bodily function as this is helps protect the mouth from infection by controlling bacteria, keeping the mouth moist and clean, and neutralizing the acids produced by dental plaque.

Not only will it wash away dead mouth lining cells and food particles that have accumulated on the tongue, gums and teeth, but also it helps with digestion by making it potential to chew, taste, and swallow food.


Signs And Symptoms Of Dry Mouth



  • Tooth decay – without proper salivary production to wash away food particles and bacteria from the tongue, gums, and teeth and to neutralize acids produced by bacteria, tooth decay may
  • be additional common and progress a lot of faster than it'd have in different circumstances
  • Disturbed sleep from unpleasant mouth sensations
  • White film on the tongue (also referred to as oral thrush) – this coating may be a buildup of sloughed material thanks to excessive growth of a standard yeast plant that typically
  • flourishes in a dry mouth
  • Rough dry tongue
  • Altered taste sensation (e.g., a metallic taste)
  • Bad breath
  • A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth
  • Thick or stringy saliva
  • Difficulty swallowing and chew, particularly once feeding dry foods
  • Difficulty wearing dentures, especially when swallowing or speaking
  • Mouth sourness or ulcers