Alopecia areata


Alopecia areata could be a sickness that causes hair to fall move into little patches, which may stay unnoticeable.

These patches could eventually connect so become noticeable, however.This unwellness develops once the system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.

Sudden hair loss could occur on the scalp, and in some cases the eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, also as different elements of the body. It may develop slowly, and recur once years between instances.



  • The main symptom of alopecia is hair loss.
  • Hair sometimes falls get in little patches on the scalp.
  • These patches are often several cent meters or less.
  • Hair loss may also occur on different elements of the face, just like the eyebrows, eyelashes, and beard, still as different components of the body.
  • Some people lose hair in a few places. Others lose it in a lot of spots.




Dandruff is a common hair problem that needs no introduction. It affects around 50% of people worldwide at some point in their life, irrespective of their gender and ethnicity.

Dandruff is a scalp disorder which causes the scalp to flake and/or itch. The dead cells on the scalp tend to stick to each other due to surface debris and oil on the scalp. This in turn leads to flakes with itchy scalp and also causes the hair to shed at a faster than normal rate.

Dandruff is seen to mostly occur between puberty to middle-age as this is the phase when the sebaceous glands are most active. The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with the season but it usually worsens during winter.

If left untreated, it can cause fungal infections of the skin & may also lead to severe hair fall. The common treatment options for dandruff include use of home remedies and medicated shampoos


  • Itchy scalp.
  • Scaly facial skin.
  • Recurrent ear "eczema"
  • Facial rash over eyebrows, nose, and ears.
  • Oily scalp and facial skin with dry flakes.
  • Eyebrow rash.
  • Beard rash.





Folliculitis may be a common skin condition within which hair follicles become inflamed.

It's usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. At first it should seem like little red bumps or white-headed pimples around hair follicles — the small pockets from that every hair grows. The infection will spread and switch into nonhealing, crusty sores.

The condition is not serious, but it can be itchy, sore and embarrassing. Severe infections will cause permanent hair loss and scarring. If you have got a gentle case, it will possible clear in a very few days with basic self-care measures.

For a lot of serious or continual redness, you may need to see a doctor for prescription medicine.



Hot tub folliculitis

Pseudo folliculitis barbae


Folliculitis signs and symptoms include:

Clusters of little red bumps or white-headed pimples that develop around hair follicles

Pus-filled blisters that break open and crust over

Itchy, burning skin

Painful, tender skin

A large swollen bump or mass


Hair loss



Hair loss will have an effect on just your scalp or your entire body. It is the results of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Anyone will expertise hair loss, but it's more common in men.

Baldness usually refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is that the commonest reason for hairlessness.

Some people choose to let their hair loss run its course untreated and unhidden. Others might cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves.  And still others select one in every of the treatments offered to stop more hair loss and to revive growth.


Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

Gradual thinning on top of head.

This is the foremost common variety of hair loss, affecting both men and women as they age.

In men, hair typically begins to recede from the forehead in a very line that resembles the letter

Women generally retain the hairline on the forehead however have a broadening of the half in their hair.

Circular or patchy bald spots. Some people experience smooth, coin-sized bald spots.

This type of hair loss sometimes affects simply the scalp, however it generally additionally happens in beards or eyebrows.

In some cases, your skin might become restless or painful before the hair falls and shoking. Sudden loosening of hair.

Handfuls of hair might set out once hair care or washing your hair or maybe once light tugging.

This type of hair loss sometimes causes overall hair cutting and not bald patches.




Scarring Alopecia


Scarring Alopecia also known as Cicatratial alopecia is an inflammatory hair loss disorders.
It leads to bald patches on scalp because of permanent destruction of hair follicles.
The underlying tissues in and around the hair get destroyed or scarred and replaced by fibrous tissue.
Once the hair follicles get destroyed, the hair can't be regrown.
In most cases scarring phalacrosis starts as a non-scarring variety of alopecia that slowly progresses into permanent or irreversible hairlessness.

Symptoms of Scarring Alopecia
Itching scalp
Burning of scalp
Pus of purulent discharge from scalp
Patches of rough and scaly skin
Formation of blisters




Traction alopecia


Traction alopecia is hair loss caused by tightly force hairstyles. Caught early, it's absolutely reversible and also the hair will develop. Over time, however, hair follicles will become irreversibly broken so the hair doesn't grow.

This topic provides the key data regarding causes, treatment, and interference of traction alopecia. Repeated strain on the hair follicles will pull out strands of hair and even harm the follicles. This causes More hair Fall, redness, itching, and even pus-producing ulcers or infections.


Signs of traction alopecia include:

  • a receding hairline generally round the forehead, temples, or nape
  • small pimples appear on the scalp or at the base of braids
  • redness, itching, and ulcers on the scalp
  • the hair parting widens
  • patches of skinny or broken hair in places wherever the hair has been below strain
  • patches of shiny, scarred skin in additional advanced cases




Trichotillomania also called hair-pulling disorder, is a mental disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body, despite trying to stop.

Hair pulling from the scalp often leaves patchy bald spots, which causes significant distress and can interfere with social or work functioning. People with trichotillomania may go to great lengths to disguise the loss of hair.

For some people, trichotillomania may be mild and generally manageable. For others, the compulsive urge to pull hair is overwhelming. Some treatment options have helped many people reduce their hair pulling or stop entirely.


Signs and symptoms of trichotillomania often include:

Repeatedly pulling your hair out, typically from your scalp, eyebrows or eyelashes, but sometimes from other body areas, and sites may vary over time

An increasing sense of tension before pulling, or when you try to resist pulling

A sense of pleasure or relief after the hair is pulled

Noticeable hair loss, such as shortened hair or thinned or bald areas on the scalp or other areas of your body, including sparse or missing eyelashes or eyebrows

Preference for specific types of hair, rituals that accompany hair pulling or patterns of hair pulling

Biting, chewing or eating pulled-out hair

Playing with pulled-out hair or rubbing it across your lips or face

Repeatedly trying to stop pulling out your hair or trying to do it less often without success

Significant distress or problems at work, school or in social situations related to pulling out your hair