He color of the skin and whites of the eyes will vary depending on levels of bilirubin.

Bilirubin may be a waste matter found within the blood. Moderate levels cause a yellow color, while very high levels will appear brown.About sixty % of all infants born within the u. s. have jaundice.

However, jaundice will happen to folks of all ages and is generally the results of an underlying condition.  Jaundice commonly indicates a drag with the liver or common bile duct.



  • pale stools
  • dark urine
  • itchiness
  • fatigue
  • abdominal pain
  • weight loss
  • vomiting
  • fever






Astigmatism A normal eyeball is shaped like a perfectly round ball.  Light comes into it and bends equally, which provides you a transparent view.

But if your eye is formed a lot of like a football or the rear of a spoon, light gets bent more in one direction than another.

That means solely a part of AN object is focussed. Objects at a distance might look blurred and wavy. blurry, distorted, or fuzzy vision in any respect distances (up close and much away)



  • difficulty seeing at night
  • eyestrain
  • squinting
  • eye irritation
  • headaches





Blepharitis is an eye infection that usually involves the eye lid margins and may be associated with conjunctivitis. It can begin in early childhood and continue throughout your life as a chronic condition or may even develop at a later stage.

Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the area around the base of the eyelashes. The underlying causes of chronic blepharitis are not well understood. Blepharitis is not caused by poor hygiene.




  • Red eyes
  • Sensation of a foreign particle stuck in the eyes
  • Itchiness
  • Swelling of lids
  • Flaking or crusting around the eyelids
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Loss of eyelashes






A cataract is that the clouding up of the lens of the eye that creates it onerous to check. Cataracts can affect one or both eyes. Cataracts are common in older people.

A cataract may be a vaporization of the commonly clear lens of your eye. For people that have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses may be a bit like searching through a frosty or fogged-up window.

Clouded vision caused by cataracts will build it more difficult to scan, drive a car (especially at night) or see the expression on a friend's face.

Most cataracts develop slowly and do not disturb your vision ahead of time. But with time, cataracts can eventually interfere together with your vision.

At first, stronger lighting and eyeglasses will help you alter cataracts. But if impaired vision interferes along with your usual activities, you would possibly want cataract surgery.  Fortunately, cataract surgery is mostly a secure, effective procedure.


Signs of a Cataract

• Cloudy or blurry vision

• A halo is seen around lights or lights ar too bright

• Poor night vision

• Double vision

• Colors seem faded





Color Blindness


Color blindness isn't a type of blindness in the slightest degree, however a deficiency within the approach you see color. With this vision problem, you have got problem characteristic sure colours, like blue and yellow or red and green.

Nearly all people who ar “color blind” will see colours however have problem characteristic between sure colours.

Not all those that ar color blind have bother with a similar colours – most cannot distinguish between reds and greens.

some cannot separate blues from yellows; and a very little cluster have a condition known as colour vision deficiency that solely allows them to check black and white.



  • low attention span when colouring in work sheets
  • denial of colour issues
  • problems in characteristic red or inexperienced color pencils or any color pencil with red or green in its composition. (e.g.
  • purple, brown)
  • identification of color could also be created worse by low level lightweight, little areas of color and colors of a similar hue
  • sensitivity to bright lights
  • reading problems with colored pages or work sheets created with color on color






Conjunctivitis is an infection of conjunctiva, a transparent membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball. When small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed, they become more prominent. This is what causes the whites of your eyes to appear reddish or pink, hence the name pink eye.


Conjunctivitis is marked by burning and itching in the eyes along with mucus or pus discharge. There is a constant urge to rub the affected eye and in some cases pain may also be present. It may be caused due to certain infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria or non-infectious causes such as dust, fumes or other allergens. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by physical examination by your doctor and treatment depends upon the infective cause of the condition. While viral conjunctivitis does not require any treatment, bacterial infection may require anti-infective agents in the form of eye drops or ointments.

You can prevent conjunctivitis by keeping your hands clean and avoid sharing personal belongings such as eyewear, eyedrops, makeup with infected individuals. Cautious use of contact lenses is also important to prevent contracting this infection. Conjunctivitis, which gets worse with each passing day, should be taken seriously and treated by an ophthalmologist as it poses a risk of complications such as uveitis and corneal perforation.



  • The most common pink eye symptoms include:
  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness in one or both eyes
  • A gritty feeling in one or both eyes
  • A discharge in one or each eyes that forms a crust throughout the night which will stop your eye or eyes from gap within the morning
  • Tearing



Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye fixed problem which will cause blindness.

It happens once high blood glucose damages little blood vessels within the back of the eye, known as the retina.

All people with diabetes are at risk for this problem. There ar belongings you will do to cut back your risk and stop or slow vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy can affect both eyes. You may not have any signs at first. As it bed condition, blood vessels weaken and leak blood and fluid. As new blood vessels grow they as well as leak blood and fluid. This causes blocks in your vision.


Signs of diabetic retinopathy

• Floating spots in your vision

• Blurred vision

• Blocked or hazy vision



Dry eyes


Tears produced by the eyes are necessary to keep them moist and comfortable. Dry eyes is a very common condition characterized by reduced tear production, excessive tear evaporation, and an abnormality in the production of mucus or lipids (fats or oils) normally found in the tear layer, or a combination of these.

Dry eyes cause several irritating symptoms such as stinging and burning sensation in the eye, blurred vision, and gritty or scratch feeling in the eye that affects quality of life. 

This condition can result due to advancing age or several underlying systemic diseases such as Sjogren’s syndrome, arthritis, lupus, thyroid disorders etc. Various lifestyle factors such as exposure to dust, pollution, sun rays, computer screens, cigarette smoke also plays an important role in the development of dry eyes. 

Dry eyes  can be prevented and managed by adopting lifestyle changes such as limiting screen time, regular blinking, washing eyes frequently, staying hydrated, using a humidifier at home, and wearing glasses to protect the eyes. Artificial tears available as eyedrops is the mainstay therapy for this condition. 

Any related symptoms of Dry eyes should not be ignored as it can lead to corneal ulcers, scarring, and even vision loss. 



Signs and symptoms, that sometimes have an effect on each eyes, might include:


  • A stinging,
  • burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes,
  • Stringy mucus in or around your eyes,
  • Sensitivity to light,
  • Eye redness,
  • A sensation of having something in your eyes,
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses,
  • Difficulty with nighttime driving,
  • Watery eyes,
  • which is the body's response to the irritation of dry eyes,
  • Blurred vision or eye fatigue,
  • Itchy eyes,