Acne is a common condition, which most of us have dealt with at some point in our lives. Acne, or acne vulgaris, is a skin condition where the pores and hair follicles of the skin get clogged with sebum, which is an oily, wax textured substance secreted from the skin glands. Although the face is the most commonly affected part, acne can occur anywhere on the body like the chest, shoulders and upper back. 

Acne is mainly of two types, comedogenic and non-comedogenic. Comedogenic acne is mainly non-inflammatory and can be seen in the form of whiteheads and blackheads. Non-comedogenic acne, on the other hand, is inflammatory and may be red, pus-filled, and painful.

The treatment of acne comprises topical, systemic, and lifestyle remedies. In topical remedies, your doctor will prescribe ointments or cleansers. Systemic therapy consists of either antibiotics or hormonal preparations to keep the acne at bay. Lifestyle changes for acne majorly include a clean diet, better hydration and regular exercise. Timely treatment of acne can be of great help in preventing acne scars in future. 




  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps below the surface of the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps below the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)







Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menstruation during the reproductive years of a woman's life. It can be categorized into primary and secondary. Primary amenorrhoea is when a woman never had menstrual periods, and in secondary amenorrhoea, there is the absence of menstrual periods in a woman who was previously menstruating. 

The causes of primary amenorrhea are defects in the ovaries, problems with the reproductive organs, and issues with the pituitary gland, and the central nervous system. Secondary amenorrhea can result from natural causes like pregnancy, and breastfeeding or other causes like low body weight, mental stress, excessive exercise, hormonal imbalance, and birth control pills. 

A variety of tests are necessary for the diagnosis of amenorrhoea including pregnancy, thyroid function test, ovary function test, male hormone test, and prolactin test. Treatment mainly depends on the cause of amenorrhea. If the cause of amenorrhea is a hormonal imbalance then hormone replacement therapy can be administered. If amenorrhea is due to malnutrition, a proper diet plan can cure the patient successfully. In some cases, surgery is required that can treat anatomical causes of amenorrhea.


Symptoms of Amenorrhea


  • headache
  • vision changes
  • nausea
  • extra facial hair
  • hair loss
  • changes in breast size
  • milky fluid, or discharge, from breasts.
  • Missing three or more periods in a row
  • Periods that occur but twenty one days or over thirty five days apart
  • Bleeding or recognizing that happens between periods, when climacteric, or following sex







Anemia  a condition in which  do not have enough healthy red blood cells to hold adequate oxygen to the body's tissues. Having anemia could cause you to feel tired and weak. There are several kinds of anemia, every with its own cause.

Anemia may be temporary or future, and it will vary from gentle to severe. See your doctor if you believe you've got anemia as a result of it may be a wake-up call of serious ill health.

A person with anemia has fewer red blood cells in his or her blood than the traditional level. Red blood cells carry atomic number 8 to all or any the cells within the body.

When the quantity of red blood cells is below normal, less oxygen is carried within the blood.





• Fatigue –feel weak or tired

• Dizziness or feel faint

• Cold hands or feet

• Headaches

• Pale skin or nails that break easily

• Trouble thinking clearly or a hard time concentrating

• Shortness of breath or chest pain

• A fast or irregular heart beat

• Fewer menstrual periods




Central Preconscious Puberty



Central Precocious puberty is when a child's body begins changing into that of an adult (puberty) too soon.

When time of life begins before age eight in ladies and before age nine in boys, it's thought of precocious time of life.

Puberty includes rapid climb of bones and muscles, changes in body shape and size, and development of the body's ability to reproduce.

The reason for precocious time of life usually cannot be found. Rarely, sure conditions, such as infections, hormone disorders, tumors, brain abnormalities or injuries, may cause precocious puberty.

Treatment for precocious time of life generally includes medication to delay any development.




  • Precocious time of life signs and symptoms include development of the following before age eight in ladies and before age nine in boys.
  • Breast growth and first period in girls
  • Enlarged testicles and member, facial hair and deepening voice in boys
  • Pubic or underarm hair
  • Rapid growth
  • Acne
  • Adult body odor
  • Sexual development like breast buds or testicle growth
  • Emotional changes
  • Mood swings





What is Chloasma


Chloasma as known (Melasma) is a common skin problem. The condition causes dark, discolored patches on your skin.

It’s conjointly known as chloasma, or the “mask of gestation,” when it occurs in pregnant women.

The condition is much more common in women than men, though men can get it too. According to the Indian of Dermatology, 70 percent of people who develop Chlasma are women.


Symptoms of melasma


  • Chloasma causes patches of discoloration.
  • The patches are darker than your usual colouring.
  • It generally happens on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of the face.
  • Other areas of your body that are usually exposed to sun may develop chloasma.
  • Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:
  • cheeks
  • forehead
  • bridge of the nose







As women, we have many life roles. Mother, wife, employee, friend, healer, caregiver, and therefore the list goes on.

The complexness of all of those roles will cause ups and downs throughout life. Some of these mood changes is also thanks to life events Women depression is a serious and pervasive mood disorder.

It causes feelings of unhappiness, hopelessness, helplessness, and worthlessness.

Depression are often delicate to moderate with symptoms of apathy, little appetite, difficulty sleeping, low self-esteem, and low-grade fatigue. Or it can be more severe.

Depression is nearly doubly as probably to have an effect on ladies than men and tends to possess totally different contributing causes in ladies than it will in men.

Contributing factors include reproductive hormones, a differing female response to stress, and social pressures that are unique to a woman’s life experiences. Listed below are the various styles of depression commonest in ladies.


Signs and Symptoms


  • Signs and symptoms of depression vary from girl to girl.
  • Some of the most common signs and symptoms are listed below:
  • Feelings of emptiness, hopelessness, despair, and sadness
  • Irritability, anxiousness, and guilt
  • Feelings of exhaustion, severe tiredness
  • Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities
  • Inability to concentrate or remember details
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts of suicide
  • Sleep disturbances; sleeping an excessive amount of or insufficient , insomnia
  • Changes in appetency – eating an excessive amount of or insufficient
  • Physical symptoms – aches and pains, cramps, headaches, digestive issues, breast tenderness, bloating
  • Lack of energy
  • Feeling out of control







Dysmenorrhoea is the term used to describe painful periods.

Period pain from your first period or shortly when, and while not a best-known cause, is thought as primary dysmenorrhoea.

Period pain caused by bound procreative disorders, such as adenomyosis, endometriosis or fibroids, is known as secondary dysmenorrhoea. With frist  dysmenorrhoea, the uterine lining produces hormone as   the muscle of the uterus to contract strongly,  reducing blood flow to the uterus.

There are different types of prostaglandins produced throughout the body, but prostaglandin F2X is responsible for the pain with periods.

Women of any age will expertise painful periods and a few ladies notice periods are not any longer painful when gestation and childbirth.


Symptoms of dysmenorrhoea


  • pain low within the abdomen that may unfold to the lower back and legs
  • pain that's fascinating or knowledgeable as a continuing ache, or a combination of both
  • Typically:
  • the pain starts once the amount starts, or earlier
  • the first twenty four hours could also be the foremost painful
  • clots may be passed in the menstrual blood.
  • Dysmenorrhoea can be associated with:
  • headaches
  • nausea and vomiting
  • digestive problems, such as diarrhoea or constipation
  • fainting
  • premenstrual symptoms, like tender breasts and a swollen abdomen, which can continue throughout the amount







Endometriosis is an incurable but manageable gynecological condition.

Endometriosis is  painful disorder within which tissue that commonly lines the within of womb  the mucous membrane  grows outside your womb.

Endometriosis most typically involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and therefore the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs.




  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea).
  • Pelvic pain and cramping might begin before and extend many days into a menstrual amount.
  • You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.
  • Pain with intercourse.
  • Pain throughout or when sex is common with adenomyosis.
  • Pain with bowel movements or urination.
  • You're possibly to experience these symptoms throughout a menstrual amount.
  • Excessive bleeding.
  • You may expertise occasional significant catamenial periods or harm between periods (intermenstrual bleeding).
  • Infertility. Sometimes, adenomyosis is initial diagnosed in those seeking treatment for infertility.
  • diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, particularly throughout catamenial periods.